Guidelines for Developing Rubrics:
  1. Specify student behaviors that you will observe and judge in the performance assessment.
  2. Identify dimensions of the key behaviors to be assessed. If the assessment tasks are complex, several dimensions of behaviors my have to be assessed.
  3. Develop concrete examples of the behaviors that you will assess.
  4. Decide what type of rubric will be used: holistic or analytic, generic or task-specific, or a combination.
  5. Decide what kind of scales you will use to score the rubric: checklists, numerical, qualitative, or numerical-qualitative.
  6. Develop standards of excellence, or criteria, for specified performance levels.
  7. Decide who will score each performance assessment--the teacher, the students (either self-scoring or peer scoring), or an outside expert.
  8. Share scoring specifications with other stakeholders in the assessment system--parents, teachers, and students. All stakeholders must understand the behaviors in the same way.

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