|Introduction and Key Ideas:
- Content standards describe what students should know, understand
and be able to accomplish to become scientifically literate.
- Content standards are best developed communally, with local,
district, state and national input.
- Content standards set broad expectations for students that do
not necessarily prescribe a curriculum.
- Content standards should apply equally to all students regardless
of ethnicity, gender, or cultural background.
- Targets help assessors describe and communicate the specific
acheivement expectations that are the foundation for the assessment
- Targets are based on intended student outcomes (or visions of
- Targets are best developed communally, with local, district,
state input, and using national guidelines and standards.
- Targets specify what types of student attainments are to be
measured, such as: knowledge, reasoning, skills, products, and
- Performance assessment is best suited to assessing complex,
multidimensional targets such as reasoning, skill, and product
background information about standards